Life-saving accessories (life jackets, circles, bibs, etc.): maintenance rules
Each pleasure and tourist boat going out to sea must be equipped with individual life-saving accessories: circles, bibs, floating pillows or vests, according to the number of people on board.
The design of all rescue accessories must be approved by the Register or the Navigation and Technical Inspection. According to the current rules, it is allowed to use only factory-made rescue accessories. Life-saving equipment should be painted orange, which is clearly visible on the water; all materials used for their manufacture should be resistant to gasoline and other petroleum products.
The Navigation and Technical Inspection has the right to reject any rescue vehicle if it does not meet the basic requirements, in particular, does not provide the necessary buoyancy. In fresh water during the day, a vest for an adult must keep afloat a metal weight of 7.5 kg (for a child — 5.5 kg). The lifebuoy must remain buoyant with a load of 14.5 kg during the same time; the inner diameter of the circle must be 400-500 mm.
The rules for the maintenance of life-saving equipment, developed by many years of practice, must be known to every boat owner.
Recall these rules.
1. Before sailing, everyone who is in boat a person should try on a life jacket, make sure that it has everything necessary for fastening and can keep a person of this weight afloat.
2. People who do not know how to swim or who do not swim well enough should wear vests all the time — during swimming, when the ship is at the pier, in the lock, etc. Do not allow passengers not to comply with this rule out of a sense of false pride. Remember that every boat owner is responsible before the law for the safety of passengers and crew.
3. After each use, the rescue devices must be dried well before they are put in place; this will preserve buoyancy and protect against rotting.
4. Do not sit on a wet vest — your weight can compress the floating filler and reduce the buoyancy of the vest.
5. It is necessary to periodically test the buoyancy of each rescue vehicle. If it has noticeably decreased, the remedy must be brought into proper condition.
6. Life-saving accessories are not intended for swimming, they cannot be used as entertainment.
7. It is necessary to take care that the rescue devices available on board can be easily and quickly applied in the event of an accident.
All floating rescue vehicles must have a clearly distinguishable registration number of the vessel with letters indicating the area or city of registration, and on yachts — the name and port of registry.
The rules prescribe that on all ships one lifebuoy should be included in the supply package, and on Class III boats (distance from the shore — up to 5 km, seaworthiness — 3 points), a strong line with a length of 25 m should be attached to it; on Class II vessels (3 km and 2 points), the length of the line should be at least two body lengths. On inflatable boats, kayaks and similar vessels with a capacity of no more than two people, a lifebuoy is not needed if there are life jackets or bibs. On ships of classes I-II, the circle can be replaced with a floating throwing end (at least two lengths of the vessel) with a loop or a floating ring.
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