The «Chizhik» boat is a homemade two- and three-person rowing boat for tourism, fishing, hunting
Once I was asked to pick up drawings of the most ordinary rowing boat for two or three people, suitable for tourism, fishing, hunting. It had to be light, cheap, and most importantly — affordable for amateur construction, plywood. I looked through all the numbers of «Boats and Yachts» and some other (rather meager, however) literature, but to my extreme surprise I did not find anything ready. And there was nothing on the water.
The traditional plank «fofan» is not bad, but for of amateur construction clearly not adapted. In addition, it is heavy, and from the point of view of swimming safety, it is not at a height: quite often the fofans turn over or draw water overboard. Our little centerboarder «Kuzya», the drawings of which were given in No. 13 of the collection, also did not fit — it was too small, and in general it was a purely sailing vessel.
In the end, I had no choice but to try to design, build and test myself a light boat that could row and with a low-power outboard motor. So the project «Chizhika» was born.
According to this project, several boats have already been built in Leningrad, which have shown themselves well in operation. Despite its small size, the «siskins» behave quite solidly on the water: you can safely walk around the boat without fear of turning over, it is quite seaworthy, it goes well on oars and with an outboard motor with a capacity of up to 5 hp (including «Surf» and «Arrow»). The boat can be carried on your hands, transported by car.
|Basic data of the boat «Chizhik»|
|Longest length, m||3,47|
|Maximum width, m||1,47|
|Side height, m||0,50|
|Load capacity, kg||300|
|Weight with supply, kg||about 70|
The bow of the boat is covered with a deck. This somewhat increases seaworthiness, and most importantly, it is convenient to store things, backpacks, tents, etc. under the deck. There is a large jar in the stern, in a dry locker under which you can also lay out equipment and food.
In the middle part there is a can for a rower, located not as usual — across the boat, but along it. This location was chosen for the following reasons.
1. The boat is relatively short, therefore, in order to maintain an optimal landing at different loads (trim), it is necessary to change the position of the rower. For this purpose, there are two pairs of sockets for rowlocks and two positions along the length of the foot rests. If there is only one person on the boat, the rowlocks are inserted into the stern nests, and the rower sits on the aft part of the longitudinal can. If there are two people on the boat, then one sits on the stern can, and the rower inserts the rowlocks into the bow nests and sits astride already on the bow of the longitudinal can. In the case when three people go sailing, the rowlocks are inserted into the stern nests, and the third person sits face forward on the bow of the longitudinal can, with his back to the rower.
2. On both sides of the longitudinal can, you can lie down on the bottom of the boat. This makes it possible for two people to take a nap at once, which is often very useful when fishing.
3. A longitudinal can filled with foam ensures the unsinkability of the boat.
Assembly of the hull on the slipway.
«Chizhik» has simplified sharp-cheeked contours of sharpie, which makes it possible to make a covering of water-resistant BS-1 plywood with a thickness of 4 mm. The transom and cans are cut from plywood of the same brand, but 8 mm thick, the polices are made of 6 mm plywood. Before installation, the sheathing sheets are glued together along the length «on the mustache». The whole set is cut from pine slats and boards, for a better fit of the skin, the outlines of the first two frames are given a bulge. The stem is glued together from pine slats with a thickness of 5 mm. The boat is assembled on a water-resistant adhesive with pressed steel galvanized screws.
After assembly, it is useful to glue the outer surface of the housing with a single layer of fiberglass. If this is not possible, apply the usual protective coating — hot impregnation with drying oil, putty and coloring.
Structural drawing of the boat hull
zoom in, 188 KB
1 — keel 25x80x290; 2 — stem, 50x50, glued from 10 rails of 5 mm; 3 — strip 3x20, AMg; 4 — brechtuk δ=25; 5 — zygomatic stringer, section 18x30 from stem to sp. 2 and 18x40 from the shp. 2 to the transom; 6 — brechtook =30; 7 — 18x30 anchor beam; 8 — bow coaming, 4x80, plywood; 9 — side coaming, 4x50, plywood; 10 — seat =8; 11 — aft fin =20; 12 — breadcrumbs δ=30; 13, 14 — rail 20x40; 15 — footboard 30x40; 16 — midway, 15x50; 17 — carlings, 15x30; 18 — deck δ=4; 19 — poliki δ=6; 20 — beams shp. 1, 20x50; 21 — toptimbers shp. 1 — tr., thickness. 20; 22 — flora shp. 1-4 δ=20; 23 — bar 20x20; 24 — bar 10x20x100; 25 — half—beams, 20x50; 26 — side and bottom lining δ=4 mm; 27 — collar 10x30, oak; 28 — carlings 20x25; 29 — ribs polikov, 20x20; 30 — bottom skid 20x30; 31 — plywood δ=4; 32 — transom beams δ=20; 33 — transom δ=8; 34 — rail 20x40; 35 — flortimbers, 20x50; 36 — lining δ=20; 37 — plywood δ=8; 38 — falshkil, 20x20, oak.
For the equipment of the «Chizhik» boat with sails, see here.
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