The angler's calendar. The dependence of fish biting on the season, on natural phenomena, the influence of weather on biting
«There is no year for year» — says a folk proverb, that is, the timing of the onset of various natural phenomena they are not constant, they change from year to year. For example, rivers are always opened at the beginning of the rapid melting of snow, which happens in mid-March, then in April. Every year, at different times, the plant world wakes up and freezes, many birds arrive and fly away, etc.
Anglers have long noticed the indisputable connection of fish life with natural phenomena.
In this calendar, I am trying to intelligently link the sport fishing of freshwater fish with natural phenomena.
At the beginning of summer, the fish that has finished spawning, spreads around the pond and occupies more or less permanent places. Algae grow, a variety of food appears in the water. After eating, the fish becomes fastidious. Therefore, bait or at least bait with an admixture of 10% of those baits that you are going to catch are absolutely necessary. For example, when fishing for maggots, it is necessary to lure pearl barley with maggots; for mashed bread and crust — soaked breadcrumbs and bread passed through a meat grinder, etc., They are fed in small portions: they are thrown a pinch after 3-5 minutes. or they lower mesh feeders or viscous, clay balls, from which the feed is continuously washed out (the fish is afraid of metal, opening feeders). In standing water, the bait is scattered by hand.
Special attention should be paid to the frequency in the use of baits. Any bait is good only in its own time. Often local anglers catch much more fish with coarse tackle than visitors catch the finest. The reason is not only in the knowledge of catchy places. The main thing is to know the taste of the fish of this reservoir. Sometimes in the middle of summer, live insects are the best bait: ants, grasshoppers, gadflies, beetles, etc.
Light water makes the angler disguise himself. It is better to paint the leashes of float and wire fishing rods to match the color of algae, and the bottom one to match the color of the bottom, the sinkers are dark brown, the rods are gray-green or brown, the fishing rod should be thrown so that the tackle falls on the water without a splash. And, finally, the most important thing is that the movements of the angler should not be abrupt.
The fish prefers to stay near thickets of reeds, reeds, water lilies and especially rdests and avoids hornworms and elodea (water plague).
The mass flight of insects, especially the brook and mayfly, causes the fish feeding on them to rise to the surface of the water. These are, first of all, ide, chub, trout, grayling, bleak, rudd, dace, chub and asp, as well as roach, gustera and bream. Sometimes even perch, walleye, carp and crucian carp are not averse to eating mayflies falling into the water and larvae getting out of the water.
If a fish melts by grabbing insects from the surface of the water, it should be caught with fly fishing or a float rod without a sinker with a light, small float on the insects that have flown out or their larvae. Other baits at this time, the fish almost does not take.
In hot weather, wind, clouds, a slight cold snap and fog significantly improve the biting of fish, especially in low-flow reservoirs, where the wind lowers the temperature of the water, saturates it with oxygen, creates a current carrying food. The larger the current, the better the bite, especially in the channels between the islands and in the channels connecting the lakes.
If there are large waves, then when fishing with a float rod, you should put an additional sinker on a separate leash and, greatly increasing the vacation, catch from the bottom; when fishing in the wiring, the jumping bait scares off the fish, so the hook should be replaced with a jig.
In summer, in reservoirs with stagnant and low-flowing water, fish usually stay in the upper layers of water, richer in oxygen, and no matter what depth it is, you have to catch half-water or near the surface.
In lakes, reservoirs, ponds and on wide river beds, in a strong wind, small things go from the surf to the depth or to the quiet shore. Small things are usually followed by predators. Most large fish also leave the surf, but grayling, perch and chub are not afraid of waves, and bream and carp often approach the steep, clay shore, where the surf washes out different larvae from the clay.
In good weather, seagulls and perches are constantly being chased by flocks of small things. Gulls, rushing from above, drive the trifle into the depths, where the perches, waiting for prey, immediately rush at it and again drive the fish to the surface to punish the gulls. Where seagulls are curling, periodically rushing down, there are also perches. In addition, perches can always be found on a rocky bottom overgrown with algae bushes.
Trout and grayling bite in the heat only in spring reservoirs in shaded places, on rifts, rapids. Biting improves with cold weather, in cloudy, rainy weather.
The profit of the water in the rivers makes the fish rise against the current, approach the shores, enter the spills, strengthen the bite, sometimes to the point of zhora. But when the water becomes muddy, the biting first worsens, and then stops before the flood subsides.
Roach is best caught in inclement weather (during drizzling warm rain and before it), when the smoke of the fire is spreading on the ground.
Pike takes only in the predawn twilight. In the wind, it moves away from the shores to the algae. When it rains, it approaches the shores. In calm, clear weather, it keeps on the shallows overgrown with algae. It takes better on live bait than on artificial baits. It is interesting to catch pike in the windows between the algae with a float rod for live bait or a large jig with a fry.
In summer, the weather has a great influence on the biting and the location of the fish. To make a proper fishing plan and choose a place fishing, you need to know the weather forecast. However, the weather in this area may differ greatly from the predicted weather for the region, region, republic. Therefore, every angler should be able to predict weather changes, taking into account local signs and phenomena.
Nettle rose (6-8 crowns of leaves)
In the thickets of nettles, often found in river floodplains, brown-green caterpillars with yellow rings of urticaria butterflies appear, which are preferred by ide and chub. Baiting caterpillars (1-2 pcs.) should be on hook No. 5 or No. 6, trying to keep them alive. The sting of the hook is left free. In dry weather, it is better to catch fly fishing or float fishing rod without a sinker. After a heavy thunderstorm rain, fishing at the bottom in the wiring is very successful. The caterpillar also catches roach rudd and spruce.
The biting of the rudd begins with the sunrise. Even in hot weather, it takes among algae throughout the day, and the largest one is more often caught at dawn. Catch should be on top of an ant, caterpillar, maggot, butterfly, brook, gadfly, fly and small beetle. The worm and bread bite worse.
In the forest streams grayling pecks on the same bait (except bread) as rudd. In the same place, trout takes on crawlers and worms, and even better, on coastal insects. It is characteristic that grayling often grabs insects from the surface, and trout are sunken.
Ruffs, avoiding light and heat, stay near the muddy bottom on a weak current.
The biting of the podust improves. It, as a rule, stands on a moderate and fast current, in furrows on a pebble and sandy bottom, on straight sections of the river it occurs at the end of the rolling. It is well caught only in the wiring for maggots and worm pieces. With the right choice of location and bait, fishing can be successful, since the podust is kept in flocks, often quite numerous.
After spawning, the pike perch begins to eat hard. In the rivers, it keeps in squiggly pits and places littered with firewood — always near pebble and sandbanks. It often stands by streams falling from dams. In reservoirs and lakes, he prefers the slopes of flooded channels and ravines, springs, depths at flowing tributaries, at underwater hills and shoals. Very fond of rocky places at depths.
Heat. The bathing season has begun
Fish biting worsens on many animal baits — it's time to use vegetable ones: mashed bread, bread crust, dough, various cereals, steamed grains, etc. It's time to catch greens (algae) — thin silky threads growing in long strands in the water on the current, attached to piles, stones and driftwood. Delicate algae of the brightest green color are chosen for the nozzle. During the manipulation with the nozzle, beware of losing the living creatures that dot the algae — this is almost the most valuable thing in them. You can store greens only near the gathering places — right there on the current, tied with a string in small bundles.
The beginning of fishing for greens is signaled by a roach, in which, when the abdomen is compressed, a greenish mass protrudes from the anal opening. Fishing in the wiring. The fishing place is chosen on a quiet or moderate current with a depth of no more than 2 m, necessarily near or just below the algae thickets. It is better to catch from a boat, which should be placed along the current, which makes it possible to increase the wiring path. When fishing from the shore, they prefer places with a quiet or reverse current. The nozzle is carried out at the very bottom, even slightly touching it. In the absence of bites at the bottom, they begin to gradually reduce the release, shifting the float by 4-5 cm each time, until the bite follows. When the biting stops, they start looking for the right depth of vacation again.
The most successful fishing for greenery during the arrival of water from the rains. When fishing for algae, bait is usually not used, but in vain. It is known that when ships pass, catching up with a big wave and knocking down algae, the biting always improves for a short time. In addition to roach, ide, chub and gustera peck at greens.
The fish leaves the shores, stays on the current, at the rifts, the mouths of streams, springs, in algae, in the shade of bushes and trees hanging over the water. With the sunrise, it is clogged for the whole day and pores, snags, under stones and blocks of earth washed away from steep banks. It goes out to feed in the cold, more often in the second half of the night, and pecks before sunrise. Daytime biting is observed only with a slight cooling, cloudy weather with wind. Usually, it is better to take fish with a decrease in illumination. In clear, hot weather in places protected from the sun, in the morning the biting lasts 1-2 hours longer than in the open.
The fishing of the ide continues, which departs from the shores and feeds on a moderate and fast current on relatively quiet reaches. In the second half of the night, the ide visits the shallows near the rapids and places under bushes and trees hanging over the water. At this time, it is caught with bottom fishing rods for black leech, earthworm, crawling, pearl oyster shell meat, porridge and bread crust. When fishing for a leech, it is necessary to choose not very deep places with a hard bottom: it is easily clogged into silt or debris.
Fishing for ide on medium and large rivers in wiring from a boat is very successful and interesting. Complementary food is required. The bait should be released as far away from the boat as possible. It is better to take a place for fishing an hour and a half before dawn. The best baits are: selected steamed peas; maggots; dough kneaded on the yolk; mashed bread mixed with honey; porridge cooked in milk, and pond shell meat.
Small and medium-sized fish willingly gather at people's bathing places. It's not bad for large fish to bite horseflies, gadflies and maggots when cattle come to drink. Early in the morning, even at dusk, large fish visit shallow places without currents, where the water cools well overnight.
The biting of the syrti stops — it starts spawning, after which it slides into the lower reaches of rivers and fresh sea bays.
Crucian carp, tench, carp and catfish spawn.
Fishing with a track, spinning and mugs worsens.
First, the bite of the pike weakens, and then the perch. However, when it gets cold, cloudy weather and after rains, the perch, though weakly, takes on fry, leech, spindle, crawling and pearl barley meat. During the day, walleye can be caught on live bait far from the shore on the current, and at dusk — on the shallows and in quiet waters near the shore. The best live bait is minnow and bleak.
Rye is being mowed
The post-spawning bream biting begins, the most intense in the evening and in the first half of the night. In rivers, bream keeps deep quiet backwaters, in pits under steep banks. Likes to stand in pools and under standing rafts; in lakes and reservoirs — at depths near reeds and ridges. Prefers uneven muddy bottom. Bream is often found on the sandy bottom. In the evening, the bream goes out to feed in shallow bays, approaches the shallows and the edge of algae. At night, after heavy rains, bream appears at steep banks, at the mouths of ravines, ditches and streams, if the depth is at least 1 m. The bait is: a bunch of dung worms, pearl barley meat, a bunch of maggots, millet porridge cooked in milk, and steamed peas.
Float fishing rods catch bream from the bottom. The fishing line should be twice as long as the rod, the bait should be thrown away from the shore. Fishing on a moonlit night is full of romance. The float is placed in the reflection of the lunar disk on the water or on the lunar path.
On a jig with a worm, bark beetle or maggot, the bream bites well in the evening and morning twilight in zapany and from rafts. With a lantern, such fishing is possible at night.
Bottom fishing rods, baited with a bunch of dung or earthworms or a black leech, catch bream at dusk and at night, when it goes from the depths to bays, shoals and along the edge of algae thickets for feeding. It is important to choose a place with a solid, not heavily silted bottom.
Cancer becomes an excellent bait (when it sheds) and crayfish meat. They catch crayfish all night (from sunset to sunrise), and big fish takes it, and any kind of crayfish meat.
Ide keeps at depths remote from the shore. Only bushes and trees hanging over the water sometimes attract him to the amulet. Chub also visits such places, but stands on the rifts with a strong current.
The barbel, rested after spawning, begins to bite. Prefers spindle, crawling, a bunch of large worms, pearl barley meat, crayfish and millet porridge. He wanders around the pond in small flocks, more often found alone. He likes to move along the «furrows» — deepened sections of the river with a flat bottom. It lingers only on straight sections of the riverbed, especially where the sandbank goes into depth, where sand continuously moves, slightly stirring up the water at the bottom. You can catch with bottom and float fishing rods.
Somyata come out of the pits and constantly stay at the bottom of the rifts.
The biting of perch, podust, crucian carp, carp and catfish improves. The best time for catching catfish on the kwok is coming. Perch willingly takes on a leech, but only in the early morning, before sunrise. Any large fish does not refuse the black leech. Podust bites well on maggots and worm pieces. In the wiring from the boat, fishing is more productive. Podust goes out to feed on the rifts, keeps in the furrows of the fairway on a moderate and fast current. Especially attracted to his lure, mixed half with road dust or liquid clay. Podust willingly approaches the stream of bottom mud. The bait during the wiring should be dragged, slightly touching the bottom, or pass at the very bottom. Motionless baits do not tempt podust. It does not rise into the upper layers of the water.
A float rod in the windows between the algae catches silver carp well. He prefers a dung worm with a crushed tip to all baits. A slightly moving bait or a smoothly moving crucian carp takes more willingly than a stationary one. It is better to catch without a sinker or by sliding it to the float. The amount of release should correspond to the depth. Bait significantly improves fishing, but it should be thrown in small pinches and not often. Overfed crucian carp goes into the algae thickets, where it settles until the next dawn. He takes mashed bread, if he is used to it, and maggots.
Carp are caught not in pits and depths, where it often rises, but upstream, on the way to feeding places, which are not difficult to detect. He feeds from evening to morning in overgrown bays with a muddy bottom, on the way to which he necessarily enters the shallows, especially if they are separated from the shore by a furrow. Carp is a tramp, a constant scout of feeding places. Having determined the possible ways of its course, it is necessary to prepare a disguised sit on the shore before dark. A plot with a clean bottom should be no closer than 10-12 m from the detected parking lot. You should not go too far: with increasing distance, you can make a mistake in determining its path. In the evening it is necessary to catch at a depth of 3 m, and at night with the moon — 1.5 m. The best bait is hemp cake, slightly toasted. Toasted sunflower seeds passed through a meat grinder, steamed potatoes, chopped worms, mashed bread and steamed grains are also suitable. It should be caught with bait mixed into the bait: boiled potatoes, steamed peas, worm, crawler, pearl barley and pond fish meat.
In low-flow reservoirs and shallow lakes, water blooms, the fish bite weakens, and sometimes completely freezes. The fish goes to a great depth, to the keys, gathers at the mouths of tributaries, and sometimes enters them. The best time for eel fishing is coming. It keeps on the bottom with a thick layer of liquid silt, from where, after dark, it goes out to feed on the shallows and to the gently sloping banks overgrown with grass. Takes from the bottom to live bait, crawling, worm, spindle and leech. They usually catch it with bottom fishing rods and mugs.
The biting of ide, roach and spruce is somewhat deteriorating. Bad takes pike perch and large perch. The biting of the tench is temporarily stopped. All kinds of vegetable baits and insects are suitable, only black leech, as well as crustacean meat, maggot and brook (shitik), pearl barley meat can still compete with them. Large fish are especially willing to take crayfish, leech and pearl barley meat.
Bottom fishing rod in the second half of the night and early in the morning, you can catch large fish.
Among the vegetable baits, a special place is occupied by young boiled potatoes ranging in size from a pea to a walnut. Potatoes are boiled in the peel in slightly salted water. It is better to plant still warm potatoes, they are very fragrant. The leash, disconnected from the fishing line, is threaded through the potato with a hairpin made of wire. Then a tee No. 4-6 or a hook No. 6-8,5 is inserted into the potato, and the leash is reattached to the fishing line. Then they scrape off part of the peel with a fingernail, but do not tear it off: a potato with rags is more attractive. The potatoes planted in this way are firmly held on the hook. It takes mainly large fish: chub, ide, bream, barbel, carp, crucian carp and roach.
Mass flight of mayflies
The departure of the mayfly causes the zhor of all white fish. Even the sluggish bream rises behind her to the surface. 3-4 days the fish feasts, grabs mayflies falling on the water. A fascinating and successful mayfly fishing is short-lived. It is especially interesting on moonlit nights. Fish biting continues around the clock, but in the evening and at night it is better. After the departure of the mayfly for 5-7 days, the fish does not take any other baits. From this time until the end of summer, the biting of bream stops, which switches to feeding on small bottom organisms, including bloodworms.
The nightingales fell silent. Linden blossoms
The perch bites badly. But chub, podust, crucian carp, carp, gaster, rudd, asp and catfish continue to eat intensively. At this time, there are often prolonged droughts, which causes a strong drop in the water level in the lowland rivers. The fish leaves their usual places. It goes downstream, lingering in deep pits and at significant tributaries. Further lowering of the water level makes it go even lower. The biting in the upper reaches of the rivers freezes, and in the lower reaches it increases, which is especially noticeable on large rivers.
The whole period on the current, rifts and over the keys fishing is much better. During the day, you can catch with bottom fishing rods and in the wiring, at night — only with bottom ones.
The beginning of haymaking. Blueberries are ripe
An interesting fly fishing for a grasshopper begins. You can also catch with a float rod without a sinker, but with a float. The nozzle is well taken: chub, ide, rudd, dace and roach. Bait a grasshopper on a hook No. 6-8.5 from the tail, without piercing the breast, so that it remains alive and moves its legs. The fish usually grabs the grasshopper from the head.
In the wiring, maggots and pond fish meat are caught: roach, gustera, podust and spruce, rarely chub and ide. With a float rod with a bait of pearl barley meat, chub, ide, catfish, large roach and gustera bite well.
During the arrival of water (after heavy rains), especially when it becomes muddy, roach, grouse and ide come to the shores, enter the mouths of small rivers. The chub goes into the pits and stands there until the water brightens.
The jig is successfully caught in algae and at a depth of more than 5 m. Baits are: maggot, brook, mayfly larva (grandmother), pieces of pearl barley meat. For fishing on the current under the rafts, an additional sinker weighing 25 g is tied on a separate leash with a length of 30 cm, painted to match the color of the bottom.
During this period, fishing is especially bad on hot and windless days. 10-15 days after the start of haymaking, the biting of the tench increases. They catch it with a float rod on pieces of crustacean meat, bunches of maggots, mashed bread with honey, dough with cottage cheese and dung worms in windows between thick soft algae or on specially cleared areas.
The beginning of the harvest
The bite of the fish on the greens is weakening. Algae acquire a dark green color and become coarse. Still spoiled by an abundance of food, the fish is picky about baits. Complementary foods are needed. It is better to catch in permanent places of familiar reservoirs. Of great importance is an accurate knowledge of the topography of the bottom, places of accumulation and ways of movement of fish.
Cranberries are ripe. Starlings gather in flocks
The biting of the tench on the worm improves. Bottom fishing rods catch frogs. On small rivers, fishing is possible in the wiring. A frog impaled on a hook for the skin on its back is well taken by chub and ide. Bream begins to look for a place to winter. Migration lasts until frost. With the beginning of migration, bream biting resumes, especially in the evening and at night.
In the middle of the night, the fish stops pecking.
The beginning of autumn leaf coloring
Nights are noticeably lengthening, the water is getting colder. White fish biting begins 3 hours before sunset and lasts up to 24 hours. It stops in the middle of the night. It resumes 1-2 hours before dawn and lasts until sunrise.
The biting of catfish and asp in rivers is deteriorating, and in ponds and lakes — golden carp. Rudd rarely rises to the surface, keeps half-way and at the bottom. It often goes out to the reaches with a quiet current. The bite of the tench weakens, improving slightly in hot, sunny weather.
Water blooming stops on lakes, and fish biting resumes, especially after rain. Pike perch leaves the places of summer parking, goes to the deepest parts of rivers, lakes and reservoirs. During migration, it often approaches the shores. It is better to take on fry and small live bait (especially minnow). They catch with mugs and a track, spinning and vertical baiting. For winter baubles, it is better to plant a fry, you can snulogo. A small pike perch is caught on a large worm with a float rod. In deep places, it is caught from a boat with a short rod. Bottom fishing rods are best thrown at the exits to the shallows with a hard, rocky or sandy bottom. A bunch of large worms, a crawler, a spindle, a fry, small live bait and pearl barley meat comes across a large pike perch.
The biting of perch, ide, chub, roach, gaster, trout, grayling, silver carp and carp improves. Ide, perch and roach are especially willing to peck at the mayfly larva, and bream does not refuse it. The fish almost ceases to be caught on the leech. The perch willingly grabs the fry. Pike biting improves on live bait, on frogs — ide and chub. The best frog for bait is a frog with a narrow, non-inflated belly. Bait it on a tackle with two single hooks No. 6 and No. 8.5 with a short forearm. One hook is inserted into the hind leg, the second one is inserted behind the sponges.
Fishing with bottom fishing rods brings the greatest success, but float fishing is also possible in the wiring.
Fishing continues from rafts, booms, ditches, dams and between algae on a jig.
Spruce fishing is improving. At this time, he gathers in large flocks. Becomes greedy. It should be fed continuously, but in small portions. With abundant complementary foods, it quickly becomes saturated and leaves. They catch the spruce in the wiring for maggots behind the rifts, on a weak current.
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